Deuteronomy

AUTHOR: Moses

COVENANTS OF THE BIBLE

                                            Noahic

                                            Abrahamic

                                            Sinaitic

                                            Davidic

                                            New

  Deuteronomy

  1. 1.          Preamble 1:1-5
  2. 2.          Historical Prologue 1:6-4:43
  3. 3.          Stipulations of the Covenant 4:44-26:19
  4. a.          Primary Demands 4:44-11:32
  5. b.         Supplementary Requirements 12-26
    1. 4.          Ratification; Curses and Blessings 27-30
    2. 5.          Leadership Succession Under the Covenant 31-34

Covenants:  Noahic, Abrahamic, Sinaitic, Davidic, New

THEMES

  The Covenant – between God and His people,

 God’s unmerited love is the basis not only choices teach, remember, obey Dt 6:6-25

                    SHEMA passage  –  Obedience = blessing, disobedience = harm

                The Poor – A reflection of God’s love for society’s socially vulnerable 10:18-19 widows, orphans, resident foreigners, the disabled and the elderly

5:14, 14:29; 15:7-10; 16:11,14; 24:10-21; 26:12-13; 27:19

Moses was God’s prophet and had a right to speak for Him to the people because God gave it to him.

People are tired, forty years have come to a close. Some battles fought and more battles ahead.

Most contracts or covenants of that day began with a historical review of the graciousness of whatever royalty was part of the covenant. In this case, Moses rehearses for the people all that God has done for them.

CHAPTER 4:44 Begins the Covenant – the Laws of the New Nation

See ‘video clip’

OBEDIENCE

THE TEN COMMANDMENTS

MOSES as MEDIATOR

THE GREAT COMMANDS and WARNINGS

THE COMMAND TO LOVE THE LORD – SHEMA PASSAGE

THE WARNING ABOUT PROSPERITY

They were about to gain a great prosperity without working for it and the warning is that it sometimes causes one to forget God

                PASS THE COVENANT TO THE NEXT GENERATION

HOLY WAR – Israelites were to destroy the inhabitants

REMEMBER THE EXODUS and DON’T FORGET GOD

A WARNING AGAINST SELF-RIGHTEOUSNESS

EXHORTATION TO TOTAL COMMITMENT TO GOD

CODE OF SPECIFIC LAWS  12:1 – 26:15

Where – when- how to worship

Worship to be a time of Joy!

                                Refraining from eating blood, respect for life and Creator of life

AVOIDANCE of PAGAN and CULTIC PRACTICES

FALSE PROPHETS and IDOLOTRY

CLEAN/UNCLEAN FOOD

THE TITHE

SABBATICAL YEAR – EVERY 7th YEAR – CANCELLATION of DEBTS

FREEING of SERVANTS

PASSOVER CELEBRATION

FEAST of WEEKS

FEAST of TABERNACLES

JUDGES/OFFICIALS/PRIESTS/LEVIs/KING/PROPHETS

                                Cities of Refuge

Boundary Markers

Laws of Witnesses

Going to War

Exemption from Military Service

Anyone who built a new house and hadn’t lived in it

Anyone who planted a vineyard but not yet enjoyed it

Newlywed                          Faint hearted

Foreign Policy

                                Miscellaneous Provisions

Don’t destroy fruit trees

Unsolved Murder (guilt remains until absolved)

Family Laws

                                Re-iterated the requirement for GOD’S PEOPLE TO BE HONEST WITH HIM

                                Chap 29:2-30:20  – A REVIEW OF THE COMMANDS

MOSES NEVER TAUGHT THAT OBEDIENCE BROUGHT JUSTIFICATION – ALWAYS FROM THE TIME OF ABRAHAM – JUSTIFICATION WAS (AND IS) BY FAITH ALONE

                MOSES WAS SPEAKING TO BELIEVING PEOPLE AND OBEDIENCE BROUGHT

                                CLOSENESS OF FELLOWSHIP WITH GOD

 

                    Chapters 31-34  THE TRANSITION  FROM MOSES TO JOSHUA

                                                MOSES COMMISSIONS JOSHUA

                                                                READING OF THE LAW

                                                THE LORD COMMISSIONS JOSHUA

                                                LAW TABLETS PLACED WITH THE ARK OF THE COVENANT

                                31:30-32:23  The Song of Moses

MOSES dies on Mt. Nebo – Praises God, Blesses Israel by Tribes

APPENDIX INFORMATION – DEUTERONOMY

What is Tefillin?

You shall bind them as a sign upon your hand, and they shall be for a reminder between your eyes.

— Deuteronomy 6:8

You have a brain. It is in one world. Your heart is in another. And your hands often end up involved in something completely foreign to both of them. Three diverse machines.

So you put on tefillin. First thing in the day, you connect your head, your heart and your hand with these leather cables—all to work as one, with one intent. And then, when you go out to meet the world, all your actions find harmony in a single coordinated purpose . . .

Tefillin are a pair of black leather boxes containing Hebrew parchment scrolls. A set includes two tefillin—one for the head and one for the arm. Each consists of three main components: the scrolls, the box and the strap. The scrolls are inserted into boxes made of leather that have been painted black.

One box is strapped on your head, and the other onto your arm next to your heart. It’s done once a day—preferably during the morning prayers—while you say a passage called the Shema Yisrael. It’s done by Jewish males, age 13 and up, every day except Shabbat and major Jewish holidays.

1. Place on Arm

You have two black leather boxes with straps in your tefillin bag. One is for the arm, the other for the head. Take out the arm one first—that’s the one that’s one smooth box, rather than four compartments.

Remove the tefillin from the plastic case.

The arm-tefillin goes on the weaker arm: right-handed people do the left arm, lefties  do the right arm.

Roll up your sleeve so that the tefillin is in direct contact with your arm. Put your arm through the loop formed by the knotted strap. Place the black box up on your bicep, just

below the halfway point between the shoulder and the elbow, right across from your heart (see illustration).

2. The Blessing

Recite the blessing. If you can read and understand the original Hebrew, say it in Hebrew. Otherwise, you can say it in any language you understand.

Here’s the Hebrew text:

Here’s how it sounds:

Baruch atah Ado-nai, Elo-heinu melech ha’olam, asher kideshanu b’mitzvotav, v’tzivanu l’haniach tefillin.

Here’s what it means:

Blessed are You, L‑rd our G‑d, King of the universe, who has sanctified us with His commandments, and commanded us to put on tefillin.

Focus on what you’re doing. From the time you make the blessing until both tefillin are in place, do not talk. Don’t even wink. Just concentrate on hooking up your mind, heart and deeds, and binding them to G‑d.

3. Bind the Arm-Tefillin

Tighten the strap around your arm, mindful that the knot stays in direct contact with the box.

Continue to wrap: two more times over the strap-socket of the black box and around the biceps, then seven times around your arm and once around your palm. Leave the remainder of the strap loose.

Deuteronomy

4. Place the Head-Tefillin

Next, get out the head-tefillin. Remove the tefillin from the plastic case. The box goes on your head, just above your forehead. Center it in the middle of your head directly above the point that’s right between your eyes. The daled-shaped knot should rest on the base of your skull.

5. Tie on Hand

Now back to your hand. Wrap the remainder of the strap three times around your middle finger, like this: once around the base, then once just above the first joint, then one more time around the base. You’ve got some strap left over, so wrap it around your palm and tuck in the tail end.

6. Recite the Prayers

It is best to pray the entire morning prayers in one’s tefillin. However, if this is not possible, at least say the Shema prayer:

In the original Hebrew:

Cover you eyes with your right hand and say:

Recite the following verse in an undertone:

Transliteration:

Sh’ma Yis-ra-eil, A-do-nai E-lo-hei-nu, A-do-nai E-chad.

Ba-ruch sheim k’vod mal-chu-to l’o-lam va-ed.

V’a-hav-ta eit A-do-nai E-lo-he-cha b’chawl l’va-v’cha u-v’chawl naf-sh’cha, u-v’chawl m’o-de-cha. V’ha-yu ha-d’va-rim ha-ei-leh, a-sher a-no-chi m’tsa-v’cha ha-yom, al l’va-ve-cha. V’shi-nan-tam l’-va-ne-cha, v’di-bar-ta bam, b’shiv-t’cha b’vei-te-cha, uv-lech-t’cha va-de-rech, u-v’shawch-b’cha uv-ku-me-cha. Uk-shar-tam l’ot al ya-de-cha, v’ha-yu l’to-ta-fot bein ei-ne-cha. Uch-tav-tam al m’zu-zot bei-te-cha,  u-vish-a-re-cha.

 

Translation:

Hear, O Israel, the L‑rd is our G‑d, the L‑rd is One.

Blessed be the name of the glory of His kingdom forever and ever.

You shall love the L‑rd your G‑d with all your heart, with all your soul and with all your might. These words which I command you today shall be on your heart. You shall teach them thoroughly to your children, and you shall speak of them when you sit in your house and when you walk on the road, when you lie down and when you rise up. You shall bind them as a sign upon your arm, and they shall be for a reminder between your eyes. You shall write them upon the doorposts of your house and upon your gates.

I included the above simply to provide you with correct information. Many times on a flight to Israel, first thing in the morning I would see men stand up in the aisles and begin putting on the Tefillin and if I were not aware of what they were doing it would seem ridiculous and some might mock it. Understanding it, I know enough to be quiet if I am sitting next to that person so he can pray quietly and focus his prayers. It is a simple show of respect. I find the information interesting, hope you do too. Next time you come into our house look on the inside post of the door, you will find the small wooden box containing the Shema passage. In Israel every door in every hotel has one.

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